How to Enable Ssh in Ubuntu 22.04

admin15 March 2024Last Update :

How to Enable SSH in Ubuntu 22.04

Welcome to this comprehensive guide on enabling SSH (Secure Shell) in Ubuntu 22.04. SSH is an essential protocol for managing systems and applications remotely, ensuring secure data communication between two computers connected over an insecure network. This article will delve into the steps required to set up and secure SSH on your Ubuntu 22.04 system, providing you with the knowledge to access your machine from anywhere in the world securely.

Understanding SSH and Its Importance

Before we dive into the technicalities of enabling SSH, it’s crucial to understand what SSH is and why it’s a critical tool for system administrators and developers. SSH is a cryptographic network protocol that provides a secure channel over an unsecured network in a client-server architecture, allowing users to log into another computer over a network, execute commands in a remote machine, and move files from one machine to another.

Prerequisites for Enabling SSH in Ubuntu 22.04

To enable SSH on your Ubuntu 22.04 system, you’ll need the following:

  • A machine running Ubuntu 22.04
  • Access to a user account with sudo privileges
  • An internet connection to download necessary packages
  • Basic knowledge of the Linux command line

Step-by-Step Guide to Enabling SSH on Ubuntu 22.04

Step 1: Installing the OpenSSH Server

The first step in enabling SSH on your Ubuntu system is to install the OpenSSH server software. OpenSSH is a free version of the SSH connectivity tools that users can install on various operating systems to enable secure network services. To install OpenSSH server, open your terminal and run the following command:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install openssh-server

Step 2: Checking the SSH Service Status

Once the installation is complete, the SSH service should start automatically. To verify that the service is running, use the following command:

sudo systemctl status ssh

If the service is active, you should see an output indicating that the SSH service is running.

Step 3: Configuring the SSH Server (Optional)

For most users, the default configuration of the SSH server should suffice. However, if you need to make changes to the configuration, such as changing the default SSH port or disabling root login, you can edit the SSH configuration file using your preferred text editor:

sudo nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config

Make the necessary changes, save the file, and restart the SSH service to apply the changes:

sudo systemctl restart ssh

Step 4: Connecting to Your Ubuntu System via SSH

To connect to your Ubuntu system from another computer, you’ll need to know your Ubuntu system’s IP address. You can find it by running:

ip a

From the remote computer, use the following command to establish an SSH connection:

ssh username@your_ubuntu_ip_address

Replace “username” with your actual username on the Ubuntu system and “your_ubuntu_ip_address” with the system’s IP address.

While SSH is secure by default, there are additional steps you can take to enhance its security:

  • Change the default SSH port from 22 to a non-standard port.
  • Use SSH key pairs for authentication instead of passwords.
  • Disable root login over SSH.
  • Limit the IP addresses that can connect to the SSH server.
  • Use fail2ban to prevent brute force attacks.

Implementing these measures can significantly reduce the risk of unauthorized access to your system.

Advanced SSH Features and Tips

SSH is a versatile tool with many features beyond basic remote access. Here are some advanced uses of SSH:

  • SSH Tunneling: You can create secure tunnels for other protocols like HTTP, SMTP, or POP3.
  • SSHFS: Mount remote file systems over SSH using SSHFS.
  • X11 Forwarding: Run graphical applications on a remote server and display them on your local machine.

FAQ Section

How do I change the default SSH port?

To change the default SSH port, edit the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file and change the line that says Port 22 to your desired port number. Remember to restart the SSH service afterward.

Can I use SSH without a password?

Yes, you can use SSH key pairs for passwordless authentication. Generate a key pair using ssh-keygen and copy the public key to the remote server’s ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file.

Is it safe to disable password authentication for SSH?

Disabling password authentication and using SSH keys can enhance security, but ensure you have a backup access method in case you lose your private key.


Enabling SSH on Ubuntu 22.04 is a straightforward process that opens up a world of remote management possibilities. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can securely access your system from anywhere and take advantage of the advanced features SSH has to offer. Always remember to prioritize security when configuring your SSH server to protect your system from potential threats.


For further reading and advanced SSH configurations, consider the following resources:

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